It happened on this day, April 27


711 – Tariq bin Ziyad descends into Andalusia after crossing the Mediterranean to invade it after an agreement with Julian, the ruler of Ceuta.

1521 – Residents of the Philippine island of Mactan, led by Lapu-Lapu, kill Portuguese explorer Fernando Magellan in the Battle of Mactan.

1565 – Conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrives at the head of 500 Spanish soldiers in Cebu in the Philippines and establishes the first Spanish colony there.

1810 – Ludwig van Beethoven performs his famous piano piece (German: Für Elise).

1812 – American forces capture York, the capital of the Canadian province of Ontario, from British forces during the War of 1812.

1876 ​​- Queen Victoria declared Empress of India.

1897 – The Japanese National Diet Library opens.

1912 – A major fire destroys most of the shops in the Hamidiya market in Damascus.

1924 – Announcement of the creation of the Republic of Austria.

1941 – Nazi German forces occupy Athens during World War II.

1946 – The first female police officer in Japan begins her work.

1950 – The United Kingdom recognizes the annexation of the West Bank to Jordan.

1958 – The main Algerian, Tunisian and Moroccan parties meet in the Moroccan city of Tangier to support the struggle of the Algerian people to gain independence.

1960 – Declaration of independence of Togo from France.

1961 – Sierra Leone declares independence from the United Kingdom and establishes the republic.

1962 – Iraq refuses to grant the Kurds autonomy in the north.

1964 – Syria cancels the military unity agreement signed with Iraq amid a deepening crisis between the two countries' governments that began with Iraqi President Abdul Salam Arif ousting the Baathists from power. Syria has accused Iraq of being involved in movements opposing the regime in place in the city of Hama, which was the scene of bloody unrest.

1978 – A coup in Afghanistan overthrows the regime of Muhammad Daud Khan and leads to the release of Nur al-Din Taraki from prison to assume the presidency.

✴️ A team of five Japanese arrives at the North Pole.

1981 – Xerox introduces the computer mouse for the first time.

1986 – Maronite Patriarch-elect Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir is named Patriarch of the See of Antioch and of the entire East.

1987 – Meeting between Hafez al-Assad and his Iraqi counterpart Saddam Hussein, for the first time since August

1980. The meeting took place at a military base in eastern Jordan in the presence of King Hussein, who attempted to mediate between the two sides. The meeting did not result in any progress in Syrian-Iraqi relations.

1992 – Syria reverses travel restrictions on Syrian Jews under pressure from the United States. Travel restrictions included prohibiting members of a Jewish family from leaving Syria together at the same time in order to prevent their immigration to Palestine.

1993 – All players of the Zambian national football team are killed while flying from Gabon to Senegal.

1994 – The invasion of South Yemen began after President Ali Abdullah Saleh declared war on the Yemeni Socialist Party in Aden, leading Socialist Party leader Ali Salem Al-Baidh to announce his secession from the Unified Yemen and to declare the creation of South Yemen. Democratic Republic of Yemen. This declaration continues until its implementation, represented by a rebellion. The people of the south are against the Sanaa regime.

2005 – The giant Airbus A380 airliner makes its first flight test.

2006 – Official start of construction on the Freedom Tower in New York to replace the twin towers of the World Trade Center destroyed by the events of September 11, 2001.

2010 – The United States extradites former Panamanian President Manuel Noriega to France after he served a prison sentence of more than twenty years in the United States for drug trafficking.

2014 – Canonization of Blessed Popes John Paul II and John XXIII.

2018 – An agreement between the leaders of the two Koreas to pursue denuclearization and declare an end to the war at the 2018 inter-Korean summit.

2020 – The number of confirmed infections from the coronavirus pandemic exceeds three million people worldwide, including more than 211,000 deaths and approximately 893,000 recoveries.



1737 – Edward Gibbon, English historian.

1759 – Mary Wellstonecraft, English writer and feminist.

1791 – Samuel Morse, American inventor.

1820 – Herbert Spencer, British philosopher.

1822 – Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States.

1882 – Youssef Abdel Khaleq, Lebanese calligrapher, poet and advisor.

1891 – Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer.

1921 – Sami Al-Droubi, Syrian writer, critic, translator and diplomat.

1930 – Sanaa Jamil, Egyptian actress.

1948 – Nasser Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Kuwaiti Minister of Defense.

1951 – Raafat Adas, Egyptian visual painter.

1953 – Munir Al-Aboushi, Palestinian politician.

1955 – Abdel Razzaq Chebbi, Tunisian radio broadcaster.

1964 – Wahat Al Raheb, Syrian actress, director and author.

1967 – Willem-Alexander, Crown Prince of the Netherlands.

1975 – Ahmed Zaher, Egyptian actor.

1976 – Walter Bandiani, Uruguayan footballer.

1980 – Sibylle Bamer, Austrian tennis player.

1983 – Sanaa Youssef, Tunisian actress.

1986 – Dinara Safina, Russian tennis player.

1987 – William Mosley, English actor.

**Wang Feifei, Chinese singer, dancer and actress.

1989 – Lars Bender, German footballer.

** Sven Bender, German footballer.

1991 – Isaac Cuenca – Spanish footballer.



630 – Ardashir ibn Shiroyeh, Sassanid Persian king.

823 – Muhammad bin Omar Al-Waqidi, Arab historian.

1521 – Fernando Magellan, Portuguese explorer.

1813 – Zebulon Pike, American soldier and explorer.

1882 – Ralph Waldo Emerson, American writer and poet.

1924 – Nikolai Androsov, paleontologist, explorer and geologist of the Russian Empire.

1936 – Carl Pearson, English statistician.

1937 – Antonio Gramsci, Italian politician and philosopher.

1952 – Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician.

1972 – Kwame Nkrumah, President of Ghana.

1989 – Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist.

1992 – Abdel Aziz Al-Qusi, Egyptian psychologist. Abdul Rahim Al-Hosni, Syrian poet.

1998 – Hassan Tahboub, Palestinian imam and politician, first minister of Endowments and Religious Affairs of the Palestinian National Authority. He also served as chairman of the Supreme Islamic Authority.

2002 – Ruth Handler, American businesswoman.

2007 – Mstislav Rostropovich, Russian conductor.


Holidays and Occasions:

⬅️ Republic Day in Sierra Leone.

⬅️ Independence Day in Togo.

⬅️ Freedom Day in South Africa.

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