It happened on this day, May 11


330 – Constantinople opens as the capital of the Roman Empire, and it is called “New Rome”.

1891 – A Japanese policeman attacks the Crown Prince of the Russian Empire, Nikolai Alexandrovich, to assassinate him in what became known as the Otsu Incident.

1904 – Turks kill 900 Armenians in ethnic clashes.

1874 – A train line opened between Kobe and Osaka, a distance of 32.7 km.

1949 – Israel joins the United Nations. Siam is renamed Thailand.

1953 – British Prime Minister Winston Churchill sharply criticizes the domino theory promoted by the administration of American President Dwight Eisenhower to justify American military intervention in the world.

1955 – The Okurinraku ship sinks, killing 168 people.

1960: 4 Mossad agents kidnap Nazi Adolf Eichmann in the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires.

1989 – U.S. President George Bush announces the United States' intention to invade Panama and arrest its president, General Manuel Noriega, accused of being involved in drug trafficking operations from Colombia into the territory American.

✴️ Countries around the world announce from Kenya the imposition of an international ban on the ivory trade to protect elephants from genocide by ivory trade gangs who kill thousands of elephants every year .

1998 – India carries out an underground nuclear explosion, ignoring all international protests.

2002 – The first radio broadcast of the Islamic Reform Movement, led by Saad Al-Faqih, begins.

2003 – Start of the first television program of the Al-Islah channel, affiliated with the Islamic Reform Movement.

2004 – A website close to al-Qaeda publishes a video showing masked men massacring a US citizen named Nick Berg in retaliation for US military violations of Iraqi detainees at Abu Ghraib prison.

2009 – UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan conducts a cabinet reshuffle, under which his brothers Sheikh Sultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Sheikh Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan are removed from their posts as deputy prime minister, and his brothers Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Sheikh Saif bin Zayed are appointed in their place.

2010 – British Prime Minister Gordon Brown resigns from his post and Queen Elizabeth II appoints Conservative Party leader David Cameron as Prime Minister after agreeing with the Liberal Democrats to form a ruling coalition with a parliamentary majority, making of him the first leader of a coalition. government since Winston Churchill's government during World War II.

2014 – 89% of participants in the Donetsk referendum choose independence for Ukraine and the leaders of the self-proclaimed republic apply to join the Russian Federation.

2016 – Bangladeshi authorities carried out the death sentence by hanging of the leader of the country's Islamic group, Matiur Rahman Nizami.



1784 – Georges Debing, French writer and historian.

1824 – Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor.

1885 – Mahmoud Shweil, Hejazi jurist, teacher and journalist – Saudi.

1888 – Irving Berlin, American musician.

1894 – Martha Graham, American dancer.

1901 – Rosa Oslender, German poet.

1904 – Salvador Dali, Spanish painter and sculptor.

1916 – Camilo José Cela, Spanish writer and poet, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1989.

1918 – Richard Feynman, American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965.

1922 – Tawfiq Toubi, Arab politician from 1948.

1924 – Anthony Huish, English radio astronomer who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1974.

1932 – Mustafa Tlass, Syrian soldier and politician.

1951 – Mamdouh Wafi, Egyptian actor.

** Princess Basma bint Talal, Jordanian princess.

1952 – Renaud Céchan, French musician.

1970 – Anwar Abdel Hay, Syrian basketball player. 1972 – Jihan Nasr, Egyptian actress.

1973 – Rabaa Al-Zayat, Lebanese journalist.

1979 – Gonzalo Colsa, Spanish footballer.

1980 – Muhammad Khaled Al-Wazir, Kuwaiti actor. Raymonda, Saudi actress and singer.

1982 – Jonathan Jackson, American actor.

1984 – Andres Iniesta, Spanish footballer. Ilker Kalali, Turkish actor.

1986 – Abou Diaby, French footballer. Miguel Veloso, Portuguese footballer.

1989 – Giovanni dos Santos, Mexican footballer.



1304 – Mahmoud Ghazan, Sultan of Ilkhani.

1686 – Ottovon Jurek, German physicist.

1778 – William Pitt, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1812 – Spencer Percival, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1871 – John Herschel, English mathematician.

1894 – Ahmad Al-Kamshakhanawi, an Ottoman Turkish Sufi.

1927 – Juan Gris, Spanish painter.

1963 – Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist who won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1944.

1981 – Odd Hassell, Norwegian chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1981

1969. Bob Marley, Jamaican singer and musician.

1985 – Prince Abdul Mohsen bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud, governor of the Medina region.

1996 – Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria.

2001 – Douglas Adams, English novelist.

2016 – Majid Al-Shibl, Saudi news broadcaster.

**Matiur Rahman Nizami, leader of Jamaat-e-Islami in Bangladesh.


Holidays and Occasions:

◀️ Birthday of the city of Miskolc in Hungary.

◀️ Towel Day, commemorating the death of the writer Douglas Adams.

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